CUTANEOUS SARCOIDOSIS

Place your order now for a similar assignment and have exceptional work written by our team of experts, At affordable rates

For This or a Similar Paper Click To Order Now

CUTANEOUS SARCOIDOSIS
Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease mostly characterized by its pulmonary involvement. Sarcoisosis is an inflammatory condition that is associated with the presence of granulomas found inside and surrounding involved organs (Khawar, Chatta & Sandhu, 2021). Over 90% of patients with sarcoidosis have airway, lung, and parynchmeal tissue involvement (Khawar et al., 2021). Sarcoidosis is a diagnosis of exclusion and requires a comprehensive multisystem evaluation including tissue biopsy and careful consideration of other etiologies capable of presenting with similar clinical findings (Khawar et al., 2021). The AGACNP must inquire about and examine the eyes, cardiac, renal hepatic and central nervous systems, as these are also known to be susceptible to sarcoidosis involvement. The diagnosis of sarcoidosis requires fulfillment of three criteria including compatible presentation, histopathological confirmation of noncaseating granulomas and exclusion of other conditions which may present similarly (Khawar et al., 2021).
It is important to note that a considerable amount of patients present with skin manifestations of saroidosis. Plaques are commonly seen in patients with cutaneous sarcoidosis, which can be described as elevated lesions that are mostly found on the face, neck, or extremities, and less often on the trunk (Khawar et al., 2021). These lesions are round-to-oval shaped and red-brown to purple in color (Khawar et al., 2021). Differential diagnoses for such plaque presentations include Kaposi’s Sarcoma, tertiary syphillis, and lichen planus. Symptoms of cutaneous sarcoidosis include itching, redness, swelling, and warmth at the site of inflammation (Jadotte, Hay, Salphale, Mocelin, Kumar, Niazi & Pilati, 2018). Although skin granulomas can spontaneously heal, like other forms of inflammation when prolonged, they may eventually lead to scarring at their location, resulting in irreparable damage and permanent disfigurement (Jadotte et al., 2021). If found on examination, depending upon history, referral to immunology, pulmonology, or plastic surgery may be warranted.
First line treatment for localized involvement of cutaneous sarcoidosis, which is typically less than 5% of the total body surface area, usually involves intralesional (injected) or topical corticosteroids (Khawar et al., 2021). Facial and genital lesions usually are managed with medium (rather than high-potency) topical corticosteroids, because of an increased risk of treatment-induced skin atrophy (Khawar et al., 2021). Systemic glucocorticoids are commonly reserved as second-line treatment for skin manifestations which are rapidly spreading, may result in permanent disfigurement, or are nonresponsive to topical and intralesional steroids (Khawar et al., 2021). Extensive disease and patients with corticosteroid dependence require antimalarial agents (hydroxychloroquine or chloroquine) and methotrexate (Khawar et al., 2021).
References
Khawar, Chatta & Sandhu, 2021. Cutaneous manifestations of sarcoidosis. Journal of the Dermatology Nurses’ Association, 13(4), 219-223. DOI:10.1097/JDN.0000000000000626.
Jadotte, Y. T., Abdel Hay, R., Salphale, P., Mocellin, S., Kumar, S., Niazi, A., & Pilati, P. (2018). Interventions for cutaneous sarcoidosis. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2018(8), CD010817. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD010817.pub2.

For This or a Similar Paper Click To Order Now

SmiteWriter
Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Work with Us

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

We have a team of professional writers with experience in academic and business writing. Many are native speakers and able to perform any task for which you need help.

Free Unlimited Revisions

If you think we missed something, send your order for a free revision. You have 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging into your personal account or by contacting our support.

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.

Original & Confidential

We use several writing tools checks to ensure that all documents you receive are free from plagiarism. Our editors carefully review all quotations in the text. We also promise maximum confidentiality in all of our services.

24/7 Customer Support

Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:
$0.00

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

No need to work on your paper at night. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. We offer all kinds of writing services.

Essays

Essay Writing Service

No matter what kind of academic paper you need and how urgent you need it, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper at an affordable price. We take care of all your paper needs and give a 24/7 customer care support system.

Admissions

Admission Essays & Business Writing Help

An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.

Reviews

Editing Support

Our academic writers and editors make the necessary changes to your paper so that it is polished. We also format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.

Reviews

Revision Support

If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered.